Brazil is both rich and poor; it is one of the most unequal countries the world. There is a growing number of people living in poverty as a result of the financial crisis and subsequent economic adjustment, such as cuts in social, education and health funding. The majority of the country's land is controlled by a small number of elite families, who have cut down one-fifth of Brazil's rainforest for economic gain.
Half a million children between the ages of five and 13 are engaged in child labour. Some 64 per cent of these work in agriculture, and earn an average of BRL 178 (roughly GBP 42) per month. Much of their work, however, goes unpaid.
Climate change continues to threaten Brazil’s future, putting food production at risk. By 2030, Brazil could lose 11 million hectares of land suitable for agriculture due to climate change. In many poor areas, communities rely on burning wood to produce 30 per cent of their energy, contributing to a cycle of deforestation.