The Republic of Chad has been producing oil since 2003 and is rich in gold and uranium. However, a combination of poor governance, corruption, conflict and illiteracy plays its part in the nation’s continued poverty.
More than half of Chad is desert. Increasing desertification and land degradation is a constant concern. Having enough food is a permanent challenge for the population.
Violence has plagued Chad since its independence from France in 1960. Ethnic tensions between the Arab-Muslim north and the Christian/animist south have created a climate of instability and conflict. The government has faced regular attempted coups and insurgencies and it has never been able to control the whole of the territory.
An influx of refugees from neighbouring Sudan, Libya, Central African Republic and Nigeria has only added to the civil unrest, driving many from their homes.
Chad has many serious needs, including;
• Secure and consistent access to enough food, clean water and sanitation
• Education – particularly among women
• Adequate treatment and care for HIV
• Environmental sustainability
• The chance for women and girls to flourish
• Consistent support for the poor and vulnerable as well as the nation’s youth