Niger is a landlocked country in West Africa, with a population of around 19 million.
It has experienced numerous coups since independence in 1960 – the most recent being in 2010. Subsequent lack of infrastructure has made Niger one of the poorest countries in the world, with one of the lowest literacy rates. Its health system is basic and disease is widespread. This is exacerbated by the challenging desert climate, which causes cyclical drought, and leaves people at risk of chronic malnutrition and water-related illnesses.
Niger is also facing increased security concerns on its borders from various external threats, including insecurity in Libya, the conflict in Mali and violent extremism in north-east Nigeria. These factors are driving many refugees into Niger.
It is estimated that, in 2017, more than 1.9 million people will be affected by at least one crisis. This might include insufficient access to food, malnutrition, population movement, disease epidemics or natural disasters.
Meet Kossi, our country representative