The effects of the Soviet Union’s breakup 30 years ago are still felt across Central Asia. The 1990s saw a total economic restructuring, resulting in widespread unemployment and institutional collapse. Independent states lacking in natural resources have struggled to recover and build a viable economic model.
Today, Central Asian countries continue facing challenges of mass labour migration and increasing unemployment. There is an increase in domestic abuse and sexual and gender-based violence, family breakdown, environmental problems, and the need for peacebuilding work in communities affected by various internal conflicts.