Pakistan is a South Asian country with the fifth largest population in the world. The nation is ethnically, linguistically and culturally diverse.
Large segments of the population have limited access to clean water, proper sanitation facilities, sustainable livelihood opportunities, and quality, affordable education and healthcare. For many, the situation has worsened during the coronavirus pandemic.
About a third of the population relies on farming crops for their primary source of income. However, outdated tools and practices and weak enforcement of laws have resulted in limited harvests and made it difficult for people to lift themselves out of poverty.
Unemployment is high and sustainable job opportunities are few and far between. As a result, many individuals find themselves working in the nation’s vast informal economy, where workers face numerous challenges including lack of rights, safety issues, low and irregular wages, exploitation and discrimination.
Pakistan is a disaster-prone, water-scarce nation that is severely affected by climate change. The country is regularly affected by heatwaves, droughts, landslides, avalanches, storms and cyclones.