Kalpana is a teacher and a mum of two, so she knows about stress.
After the Nepal earthquake, lack of easy access to water piled on the pressure for her:
‘The water shortage meant that I had no time for anything,’ she says. ‘I was really busy with school and at the same time we needed lots of water, for all our household chores and our animals. I used to be able to just get water whenever I needed it, but after the earthquake it became really difficult, as I just didn’t have the time to wait for it and do all my other school work.’
The quake shifted the geology in Bahungaun, Kalpana’s village in Makwanpur district, so that its three communal taps became unreliable, with only one working at a time. The water also became very muddy.