An International Monetary Fund (IMF) report released in July of this year states: ‘Mali is extremely vulnerable to climate change and the country is already facing acute climate-related challenges from higher temperatures and more frequent extreme weather events. The impact of climate change has also contributed to a rise in food insecurity, with almost a quarter of the population expected to be either facing food insecurity or at risk of doing so by mid-2023. That is already having a hugely damaging effect on Mali’s economy and action is needed without delay to avoid a further increase in food insecurity.’
A large proportion of Mali’s population rely on farming to support themselves and their families. But, with rising temperatures and fluctuations in water availability (along with increased flooding and drought), as well as ongoing political instability, farmers like Boureïma are finding it more and more difficult to meet their vital needs.