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As the UK prepares to host the G7 Summit, a new report reveals how G7 nations have - so far - missed major opportunities to green their response to Covid-19. The analysis finds that G7 countries’ energy-intensive investments since the start of the pandemic are at odds with the G7’s own net-zero targets, and with the steep decline in emissions needed to limit global warming to 1.5°C.

The UK’s recent track record highlights the tension between the government’s green ambitions and the Treasury’s actual spending decisions: it made the highest per capita commitments to fossil fuels of the G7, with only 4 per cent of this support having any ‘green strings’ attached. However, the UK has also made several world-leading policy changes since the start of the pandemic, including ending public support for fossil fuel projects overseas and issuing a 2030 ban on new petrol and diesel cars.

The report, Cleaning up their act?, has been published by international relief and development agency Tearfund in collaboration with the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) and the ODI, who worked with research organisations in each country to analyse 517 policies approved since the start of the pandemic.

While countries are still battling against Covid-19, Boris Johnson and other G7 leaders have committed to ‘build back better’, using the economic recovery to create a fairer, greener world.

Paul Cook, Head of Advocacy at Tearfund said:

“Every day, Tearfund witnesses the worsening consequences of the climate crisis for communities around the world - farmers’ crops failing; floods and fires engulfing towns and villages; families facing an uncertain future. Choices made now by the G7 countries will either accelerate the transition towards a climate-safe future for all, or jeopardise efforts to date to tackle the climate crisis.

“The G7 nations rank among the most polluting countries in the world, representing only a tenth of the global population but almost a quarter of CO2 emissions. Their actions can set the scene for success or failure at the UN Climate talks being hosted by the UK in November.”

Recent signals show that there is hope: Eight out of 11 countries attending the G7 Leaders’ Summit– including Australia, India, Republic of Korea and South Africa – have substantially improved the greenness of their plans over the last year. Yet more progress is required: only four (Canada, France, Germany and the UK) have so far approved plans that will cause more environmental good than harm.

Lucile Dufour, Senior Policy Advisor at IISD said:

"Investing in renewable energy and energy efficiency should be a top priority to decarbonise the G7 economies. But it will not pay off as long as G7 countries continue propping up the fossil fuel industry. At the G7 summit, all countries must shift international as well as domestic support away from fossil fuels, towards a just and fossil free recovery."

Angela Picciariello, Senior Research Officer at ODI said:

“G7 countries’ failure to green their Covid-19 recovery is a major missed opportunity, both in terms of achieving a fast decarbonisation of their economies and creating jobs. Investments with no ‘green strings’ attached are highly problematic, as they end up benefiting fossil-fuel intensive activities without requirements for any climate targets or reductions in pollution.”

The report recommends that the G7:


Notes to editors

To read the full report:

For further information or interview requests contact Sam Perriman: +44 (0)7783 770487 . For out of hours media enquiries please call +44 (0)7929 339813

Statistics explained

We analyse all new policies and measures related to energy production and consumption approved by the G7 and other nations invited to attend the 2021 G7 Leaders’ Summit (Australia, Canada, France, India, Italy, Japan, Germany, Republic of Korea, South Africa, the UK, the US) between the beginning of the Covid-19 pandemic (taken as 1 January 2020) and 3 March 2021 (517 policies in total). The report uses data from the Energy Policy Tracker and draws on findings from other recovery trackers such as the Greenness of Stimulus Index, the Green Recovery Tracker and the Global Recovery Observatory. We include both initial relief measures and long-term recovery policies, since all of these policies have long-term consequences for the carbon intensity of economies.

The Energy Policy Tracker follows a bottom-up approach, working with research partners in each country to collect data on individual policies at country level, and then aggregating them. The initiative is led by 6 core organizations (IISD, IGES, OCI, ODI, SEI and Columbia University), in collaboration with 18 research partners.

About Tearfund

Tearfund is a Christian relief and development agency and a member of the Disasters’ Emergency Committee. Tearfund has been working around the world for more than 50 years responding to disasters and helping lift communities out of poverty. For more information about the work of Tearfund, please visit

About IISD

The International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) is an award-winning independent think tank working to accelerate solutions for a stable climate, sustainable resource management, and fair economies. With offices in Winnipeg, Geneva, Ottawa, and Toronto, our work affects lives in nearly 100 countries.

About ODI

ODI is a leading global affairs think tank. We inspire people to act on injustice and inequality. We focus on research, convening and influencing, to generate ideas that matter for people and planet. Find out more about ODI and our new strategy here:

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