Chad, a landlocked country in central Africa, faces several challenges. Increasing desertification and the drying up of Lake Chad due to climate change is a constant concern. Chad also faces security challenges from conflicts in neighbouring nations.
Tensions between the mainly Arab–Muslim north and the Christian/animist south have created instability and conflict. The government has faced regular attempted coups and insurgencies, which resulted in the killing of the president in early 2021. Protests, violence and civil unrest continue in addition to the terrorist attacks from Boko Haram.
An influx of refugees from neighbouring Sudan, Libya, Central African Republic and Nigeria has put pressure on already limited resources.