Nepal is bordered by China to the north and India to the south, east and west. It is one of the poorest countries in Asia; a quarter of the population still live in absolute poverty, on less than £1.45 a day. Among the challenges Nepal faces are a widening gap between the rich and poor, and a lack of basic infrastructure including for electricity, water and transport. There is also widespread unemployment, low agricultural productivity, high levels of migration and endemic corruption.
A decade-long civil war, which ended in 2006, has pushed the nation even further back. Meanwhile Nepal is particularly vulnerable to climate change and natural hazards such as earthquakes, floods and landslides. In 2015, two massive earthquakes struck the region, killing nearly 8,000 people and making Nepal even more vulnerable to future disasters.