Since its independence in 1960, CAR has had a very tumultuous and violent history. A military coup in 2012 sparked the beginnings of a brutal conflict, as an armed group sought to overthrow the government. This sparked retaliation attacks from a second group. The conflict saw the looting and burning of land, rape being used as a weapon of war, and the displacement of up to half of the population at the height of the crisis.
In March 2016, Faustin-Archange Touadéra was elected as president. However a large proportion of the country is controlled by various armed groups. The ongoing violence, subsequent displacement of people and the trauma and disease caused by high levels of sexual violence has left CAR in turmoil.
The violence is slowly increasing to levels not seen since the height of the conflict in 2014. The need is becoming increasingly more concerning as people are, once again fleeing to other parts of the country, as well as to neighbouring nations, Chad, Cameroon and DRC.