Uganda’s current population is nearing 38 million and is one of the fastest-growing in the world. This is causing increasing pressure on natural resources, including food, water and wood, as well as basic services such as education and healthcare. Unemployment is high, particularly among young men who have completed secondary (and sometimes tertiary) education but cannot find work.
Politically, Uganda has been stable in recent years, but there is evidence that levels of corruption are on the rise. Political opposition is being dealt with in an increasingly aggressive manner, and space for civil society is under threat.
There have been no large-scale disasters recently. Since the brutal Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) moved out of northern Uganda to the Democratic Republic of Congo and the Central African Republic, there have been no significant conflicts within the country. However, small-scale, climate-related emergencies, including flooding, drought and landslides, are becoming more common. The country is also hosting many hundreds of thousands of South Sudanese refugees.
After becoming a success story in HIV prevention, HIV rates are now rising again.